IDENTIFICATION AND RECRUITMENT
HOW TO IDENTIFY AND RECRUIT MIGRANT CHILDREN
Each state is responsible for identifying and recruiting migrant children residing within its boundaries. This can be a difficult task as the children who have the most need for services may not attend school. In addition, language and cultural barriers may prevent families from advocating for services on behalf of their children, especially if they are not accustomed to requesting assistance from their children’s school. Furthermore, locations where migrant families reside may change due to changes in agriculture or in response to natural disasters affecting crop production. Therefore, it is important that states actively seek our migrant families and develop comprehensive recruitment plans that include school-based, community-based, and employer-based activities.
WHO ARE MIGRANT WORKERS?
Migrant workers seek temporary or seasonal work in agriculture, fishing or related industries, including food processing. They follow the growing seasons across the country and are largely responsible for the cultivation and harvest of fruits, vegetables and many other food products.
WHO IS ELIGIBLE FOR SERVICES?
A child (ages 3-21) who has not graduated from high school (or equivalency) in the United States and has moved within the last three years, due to economic necessity, with a parent or guardian who is a migrant worker. A migrant worker is a person who has moved within the last three years to work in agriculture (e.g., crops, livestock, forestry-except lumber mills) and fishing. Out of School Youth (ages 14-21) may qualify for services on their own as migrant workers. The eligibility period is three years from the date of the child’s or youth’s most recent move. Eligibility is established through an interview conducted by a Migrant Education recruiter who visits both home and employment locations where migrant workers are employed. The law states that Migrant Education services are a priority for those students whose education has been interrupted during the current school year and who are failing, or are most at risk of failing to meet state content and performance standards.
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